A public benefit entity’s (PBE) purpose is use its resources to implement initiatives that benefit the community. So, a key aspect of its annual reporting should be focused on communicating the impact of its operations to its various stakeholders and society as a whole.
Tier 3 and Tier 4 entities have produced service performance reporting for several years now, and the conspicuous absence of service performance reporting for larger Tier 1 and Tier 2 has now been addressed via the new financial reporting standard issued by the External Reporting Board, PBE FRS 48 Service Performance Reporting (PBE FRS 48).
Why is service performance reporting important?
Prior to the introduction of PBE FRS 48, annual reporting for PBEs has focused on the financial performance of the entity concerned. While this is clearly important, focusing on financial reporting only tells half the story - many would also argue that isn’t even the important half! Accordingly, the new reporting requirement shouldn’t be viewed as pointless busy-work for PBEs, but an opportunity to tell their story and communicate about the wider impact they have on society.
The principles and requirements for presenting service performance information will establish greater organisational accountability and facilitate better decision making. This is particularly pertinent in a world where funders want more bang for their buck for each funding dollar they provide.
How is the new standard applied?
The standard establishes high-level requirements for entities to determine how best to ‘tell their story’. The requirements are flexible and provide scope for entities to identify appropriate and meaningful service performance information for users of general purpose financial reports.
In particular, the standard requires a PBE to provide:
- contextual information to help users understand why the entity exists, what it intends to achieve, and how it intends to achieve its aims and objectives
- information about what the entity has done during the reporting period to work towards achieving its aims and objectives.
The nature of the information reported by each PBE will depend on a number of issues. The following factors require some thought when determining what information to report:
- What is the entity accountable or responsible for
- What does the entity intend to achieve during the reporting period
- How did the entity go about achieving its service performance objectives
- What other factors are relevant to the entity’s service performance during the period (eg, financial, legal, economic or social factors)
PBEs will have to apply judgement in each particular circumstance and disclose the judgments made in the selection, measurement, aggregation and presentation of service performance information reported in applying the standard.
PBE FRS 48 also requires service performance information to be presented for the same reporting entity and period covered in financial statements (unless permitted otherwise by legislation). As a result, comparative information should be prepared so that is available following adoption of the standard.
PBE FRS 48 is effective for reporting periods beginning on or after 1 January 2021, and early adoption is also permissible for those who are keen to tell a more complete story about their organisation sooner rather than later.